In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Buddhism in Asia was transformed by the impact of colonial modernity and new technologies and began to spread in earnest to the West. Transnational networking among Asian Buddhists and early western converts engendered pioneering attempts to develop new kinds of Buddhism for a globalized world, in ways not controlled by any single sect or region. Drawing on new research by scholars worldwide, this book brings together some of the most extraordinary episodes and personalities of a period of almost a century from 1860-1960. Examples include Indian intellectuals who saw Buddhism as a homegrown path for a modern post-colonial future, poor whites 'going native' as Asian monks, a Brooklyn-born monk who sought to convert Mussolini, and the failed 1950s attempt to train British monks to establish a Thai sangha in Britain. Some of these stories represent creative failures, paths not taken, which may show us alternative possibilities for a more diverse Buddhism in a world dominated by religious nationalisms. Other pioneers paved the way for the mainstreaming of new forms of Buddhism in later decades, in time for the post-1960s takeoff of 'global Buddhism'.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Contemporary Buddhism.
This groundbreaking work redefines traditional ideas of what a aï¿½textaï¿½ should be incorporating new kinds of multimodal texts to revitalize instruction within and across disciplines. The authors provide examples of innovative representations to aid learning in earth science language arts mathematics and social studies classrooms. Each chapter focuses on a specific content area outlining learning goals relevant national standards types of representation that enrich learning and teaching strategies for developing critical literacy specific to that discipline. Reading and Representing Across the Content Areas is a powerful application of creative multimodal teaching principles for meeting challenging standards.
Presents information about the different kinds of families to beginning readers, including high-impact photos, close photo-to-text match, a picture glossary, and a comprehension question. F&P Text Level Gradient: Level A.
The cross-entropy (CE) method is one of the most significant developments in stochastic optimization and simulation in recent years. This book explains in detail how and why the CE method works. The CE method involves an iterative procedure where each iteration can be broken down into two phases: (a) generate a random data sample (trajectories, vectors, etc.) according to a specified mechanism; (b) update the parameters of the random mechanism based on this data in order to produce a "better" sample in the next iteration. The simplicity and versatility of the method is illustrated via a diverse collection of optimization and estimation problems.
The book is aimed at a broad audience of engineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians and in general anyone, theorist or practitioner, who is interested in fast simulation, including rare-event probability estimation, efficient combinatorial and continuous multi-extremal optimization, and machine learning algorithms.
Reuven Y. Rubinstein is the Milford Bohm Professor of Management at the Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management at the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology). His primary areas of interest are stochastic modelling, applied probability, and simulation. He has written over 100 articles and has published five books. He is the pioneer of the well-known score-function and cross-entropy methods.
Dirk P. Kroese is an expert on the cross-entropy method. He has published close to 40 papers in a wide range of subjects in applied probability and simulation. He is on the editorial board of Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability and is Guest Editor of the Annals of Operations Research. He has held research and teaching positions at Princeton University and The University of Melbourne, and is currently working at the Department of Mathematics of The University of Queensland.
From the reviews:
"Rarely have I seen such a dense and straight to the point pedagogical
monograph on such a modern subject. This excellent book, on the
simulated cross-entropy method (CEM) pioneered by one of the authors
(Rubinstein), is very well written..."
Computing Reviews, Stochastic Programming November, 2004
..".I wholeheartedly recommend this book to anybody who is interested in stochastic optimization or simulation-based performance analysis of stochastic systems." Gazette of the Australian Mathematical Society, vol. 32 (3) 2005
"This book describes the cross-entropy method for a range of optimization problems. ... It is a substantial contribution to stochastic optimization and more generally to the stochastic numerical methods theory." (V.V.Fedorov, Short Book Reviews, Vol. 25 (1), 2005)
"Since the CE method is a young and developing field, there is no book available in this area where the two authors are the pioneers. Therefore, it is quite a unique book and it may become a classic reference in the CE method literature." Technometrics, February 2005
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